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Depression: FAQ


Everyone feels down sometimes, especially when facing life’s stressors such as losing a loved one, going through a divorce, getting fired from a job, and more. However, clinical depression tends to last longer, causes extreme distress and interferes with your school, work, relationships or personal life.

A few facts (and some more):

  • Major depressive disorder affects 6.7% of the US adult population each year

  • Depression is the #1 cause of disability

  • Only 62% of those who are depressed receive treatment

  • 50% of those who are depressed also struggle with anxiety


Depression may look like:

  • Intense and sustained feelings of sadness, emptiness, irritability

  • Loss of interest in things you used to enjoy

  • Low energy

  • Poor focus, concentration, and decision-making

  • Helplessness, hopelessness, worthlessness or extreme shame/guilt

  • Insomnia

  • Appetite changes

  • Sexual difficulties

Depression is caused by a combination of factors (genetics, brain chemistry, personality and life events) and comes in various types:

  • Adjustment disorder with depressed mood

  • Seasonal affective disorder

  • Major depressive disorder

  • Persistent depressive disorder

  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

  • Postpartum depression

  • Depressive disorder due to another medical condition


Psychiatrists are specialized medical doctors who require at least 12 years in higher education and 15,000 hours of clinical training before being allowed to independently diagnose, treat or prescribe. In comparison, nurse practitioners (NP) require 500 clinical hours (typically supervised by a medical doctor), and physician assistants (PA) require 2,000 clinical hours.

My training offers an in-depth understanding of the nuances when diagnosing, treating or prescribing medications. Every patient is different, and my recommendations are always made on a case-by-case analysis. If together we determine that medication is beneficial, I'll walk you through different options, thoroughly explain their risks, benefits, alternatives and potential side effects, so you can be fully informed and content with the next steps.

A few examples:

  • Common medical conditions, like anemia or hypothyroidism, may mimic depression. It’s important to rule out these conditions by checking your blood and thyroid levels.

  • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) is the first-line medication type for depression. Some SSRIs are sedating (paroxetine) while others are more activating (fluoxetine). This requires careful consideration of factors such as your presenting symptoms (insomnia) and situation (daytime sleepiness can interfere with your work).

My Masters in Psychopharmacology and Applied Psychology add even more insight on all things medication and human behavior. Let me help you regain your focus, energy, sleep, and joy.

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